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温哥华华人嗜赌现象扫描

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每天温哥华华埠的赌场直通线的汽车站前,总是聚合着一群华人,对于他们来说,赌场是每天生活的重要内容。

中华民族心灵深处的“赌瘾”,来自数千年来巨大的社会不确定性和每个人内心深处对改变命运的渴望。这种社会的不确定性一旦被诱导,这种改变命运的渴望一旦被激发,各种各样的赌徒自然就会前仆后继了。

令所有华人赌徒们感到错愕的是,世界早已进入了一个全新的理性时代。赌场也已被资本家们改造成了理性的产业机器----赌场是只赚不赔的,在嗜赌面前华人已经到了应该清醒的时候了。

为什么有赌场便有华人

在位于列治文天车站附件的一家赌场,放眼望去,80%的赌客都是华人,据了解内情的人士称,在温哥华、高贵林、新西敏赌场,华人以及亚裔人士都占4成以上。

的确,有人把华人嗜赌和奢赌看做是华人的一个特性,于是乎有赌埸的地方就有华人赌客,有赌埸的地方都有华人赌客。放眼看去,中国大陆周边地区正在形成一个从日本、泰国、缅甸、马来西亚到菲律宾、新加坡、印尼,并一直延伸至澳大利亚及欧美的庞大的境外“赌博网”。这些在客观上为国人境外赌博提供方便。

目前,境外赌博已成为中国人出国游项目之一。澳门每年的游客超过 1000万人,估计有七八成的游客会去赌场。新西兰一家名为“天空”的赌城一项调查显示45%的赌客是亚洲人。在莫斯科的皇冠赌场内,大多是黑头发、黄皮肤的东方人。凭方言可听出以浙江和福建人为主,但也有不少东北人和北京人。除了赌场里的工作人员,很少看到外国人的面孔。在加拿大温哥华的主要赌场,从老板到伙计一直到“小来来”的赌客,大多数是华人。列治文一家的卡西努(CASINO)VIP赌客中,除了一个洋人和一个菲律宾人,其他全部是华人,这里的华人赌客有一些不同寻常的特点:一个是赌注大,往往一副输赢就是4.5万加币,另一个是可以几天几夜不睡觉。他们从一张牌桌玩到另一张牌桌,困了就用手把头托几分钟,实实在在属于“革命干劲高涨”。

为什么华人好赌

回答这个问题先来探究一下历史。追溯全球赌博业的历史,应从欧洲小国摩纳哥说起,1863年摩纳哥正式建造世界上第一个合法大型赌场casino蒙地卡罗赌场,开启了全世界建造大型赌场的风潮,现在世界上合法的大型赌场早已超过百余家,且规模还在扩大中。至于华裔赌博史,根据中国宁夏社会科学院李范文教授的研究显示,早在秦汉时代中国人就开始赌博,只是古代凡类似赌博的游戏皆称做“弈”,种类不多。直到近代,各式的赌博游戏才渐渐研发出笼。至于大家所熟悉的麻将,其起源并没有明确史实的记载,因此各种说法莫衷一是,有人认为是在春秋战国时代开始盛行,也有人认为在明朝万历年间,更有人说麻将其实是宋朝司马光发明的。

依据世界暨海外华人研究会的资料显示,海外华裔的赌博史可上溯自清朝末年。当时飘洋过海来到美洲大陆的华人因为自由受到限制,加上本来就有赌博的习惯,很早便开始出现聚赌的情形。随着时代的改变,华裔赌博的方式与地点也从私人聚会延伸至美国各大型赌场,例如大西洋城、拉斯维加斯等地。温哥华的赌场也因为这几年华人移民的不断增多而越发兴旺,温哥华华裔市议员雷建华曾表示,政府有意在唐人街附近建造新的赌场。

赌业流行着一个说法:各大洲中数亚洲人好赌,亚洲中又以中国人为最。每一个赌徒都有着自己之所以成为赌徒的个别原因,但一个民族被公认为最嗜赌的民族之一,则应该有着些共同的特别的原因。

中国是一个赌具充斥于社会各个角落的国家。自产的赌具有麻将、牌九、馓子等,进口的有轮盘、扑克等,更为叫绝的是,即使是最现代化的工具,只要与概率有关,都可以被国人改造为赌具。

中国不幸成为一个赌博活动泛滥的国家。赌博不仅充斥于成人们的娱乐和消遣中,甚至还出现在孩子们的游戏里。上至皇宫大院,下至市井乡野,只要有空闲,只要有概率,无论男女老少,都可以“来一把”。一句“小赌怡情”,更是将民间的赌博美学化,也人情化了。

分析温哥华华人赌博现象,主要在于华人英语沟通能力普遍不佳,在没有娱乐又无法融入国外主流生活的情况下,自然而然赌博变成娱乐的大宗。毕竟,只要了解了游戏规则,赌博是没有语言界限的。中国大陆和香港都禁止赌博,那里的移民来到加拿大后,对赌场的好奇心特别重,因而比较喜欢光顾赌场;有的移民本喜欢打麻将,来到加拿大后打麻将凑不齐班底,去过赌场后又感觉赌场的刺激远超过打麻将,因而弃麻将而进赌场;有的移民太空人则希望借赌博来调剂孤独的生活,用赌博来暂时逃避现实的压力;还有的新移民在加拿大没有生意或工作,指望用手头积蓄作本钱,在赌场赚取生活费用。这些不同的动机驱使他们频繁进入赌场,不断地投注,带旺了这里的赌场生意。

为什么赌埸让人流连忘返

赌场的诱惑还不光是财富吸引和感官刺激,很多赌埸为赌客提供的服务那真可谓是应有尽有。除了专车接送,像温哥华的一些大的赌场还提供五星级的服务,赌场内设有洗浴、餐饮甚至艳舞表演等,免费供客人消遣。为吸引华人赌客,很多赌场都有为华人特意提供的各种服务,如中文宣传单和中文翻译,甚至特意供应得中餐。

几乎每个参与赌博的人,都有一种心理:赢了还想赢,输了还想赢。但世上的事并不象人想象得那么美好的。在温哥华的一家卡西努内,短短两年中,输掉500万加币的近十个人全部是华人,其中一位在中国做房地产生意的移民,一个星期就输掉50多万,后来回国拿钱,临上飞机前又“捐”了10多万给赌场。另外,因为赌博而杀人的、上吊的、妻离子散的,在温哥华应有尽有,包括最近列治文弑母案的凶嫌也有人指是因为嗜赌。2006年,华裔女子李榕在列治文河石赌场的门口,被凶手梁国威及冯楚明驾驶的汽车载走后,于数分钟内遭到杀害并被弃尸。有人正准备将这些赌徒的故事写成电视剧搬上屏幕,用来警示那些至今迷途不知返的人。

为什么赌场里的人“神秘兮兮”

在赌场,几乎人人都不愿将真实身份暴露给大家,所以赌客中常常以“王总”、“李老板”相称,也有用“陈胖子”、“刘黄毛”招呼,放筹码的一般就叫做“阿昌”、“阿辉”、“阿良”,碰到女的赌友就管叫“王姐”、“徐嫂”,温哥华有位屡战屡败的大姐,被人唤做“江姐”,因为她和当年在渣滓洞的江姐一样“威武不屈”,只是这份顽强用错了地方。

大部分人进了赌场,会申请一张会员卡,完全免费。有了会员卡,无论赌什么,可以累积点数,利用累积的点数获得赠品。申请会员卡,要求申请人出示身份证或驾驶执照,这样赌场可以获得申请人的地址和姓名,以备将来做广告。会员卡上的名字不必用真名实姓,有家温哥华赌场作过统计,三分之一的男赌客用约翰这个名字,三分之一的女赌客用玛丽这个名字,因此在赌场里,如果赌客自称为约翰或玛丽,百分之九十是假名字。不仅是赌客,工作人员也可以用假名字。有位中国小伙子,在赌场做发牌员,取名约翰,有人问他:约翰,你姓什么?他说我姓史密斯。说完两个人都笑起来。因为在美国和加拿大,如果你说自己叫约翰•史密斯,就像在中国你说自己叫张三或李四一样,对方一听就知道不是你的真名字。

为什么赌场里有“免费午餐”

赌场有句话:不怕你赢钱,就怕你不来;不怕你赢得多,就怕你赢了走。会员卡就是吸引你来又让你不想走的诱饵,许多人爱贪小便宜,很容易掉进赌场设计的免费陷阱。当然,也有人利用赌场的这种免费诱饵,发了小财。有对老夫妇从中国来温哥华探亲,正值冬天,哪都去不了。赌场生意冬天比较淡,对所有坐车到赌场的人,除了赠送一顿免费午餐之外,每人还赠送十块钱赌场筹码。于是老夫妇二人每天早晨坐车去赌场,吃过免费午餐后,将筹码换成钱放进兜里,自己一分钱也不赌,只在赌场转来转去看别人玩,到了晚上再跟车回家。如此风雨无阻,几个月下来,攒下的钱私下转卖给赌客,居然足够买一张回中国的飞机票了。

然而,纵观海外华人在赌场的浮沉,有一点是非常明确的,赌场已被资本家们改造成了理性的产业机器,它的铁定原则就是只赚不赔,在严酷的现实面前,华人赌客应该是清醒的时候了。

世界华人周刊
2012年9月21日 
 

世界日报:赌徒邸千“霸租”纽约家庭旅馆 敲诈勒索三千美元

家庭旅馆恶房客 拿钱落跑

在法拉盛Ash大道夹邦恩街(Bowne St.)某家庭旅馆租一个床位的中年华裔男子邸千,日前向警方指称房东把门反锁、扔他东西等多种恶劣手段企图非法驱赶。房东孙先生则称,双方纠纷是因邸千欠庞大赌债,没从他那里借到钱而报警。警方介入后,双方终于和解,邸千带着房东借他的数百元日前搬出家庭旅馆,并留下一封给房东的信,作为借据。

房客邸千投诉称,房东孙先生得知市楼宇局(Building Department)要来检查后,开始驱赶房客,因他不肯搬走,多次把门反锁,扔掉他放在冰箱的食物和一些日用品,还企图把他的行李箱扔到街头。

针对这起投诉,孙先生表示,「这房客不久前因攻击罪被捕,释放后没钱,我出于好心让他住进来,劝他改恶从善。」

孙先生指出,双方此次冲突的起因是赌博,「上月20日,他说赌博输掉老板让他办事的钱,不还钱工作就没了,因此开口向我借1000元,我没借他,后来了解到他把离婚卖房刚分到的钱也输掉了,而且向几个人借钱还没还」。

「因为我不借他钱,他就不付租金并威胁称,这个家庭旅馆非法,他就在这里不走,而且要去举报,让旅馆开不下去。这种情况下,我决定关闭家庭旅馆,让其他住客搬走。没想到,他开始搞破坏,弄坏电饭锅、撬门、砸锁、威胁,朝我脸上吐口水,拳头在我眼前晃,吓得我们不敢进屋。」

关于邸千投诉他换锁一事,孙先生指出,对方听说如果房东换锁,警察可以逮捕房东,于是就以换锁为由,两次从逃生楼梯爬到四楼,从窗口进入。孙先生解释,他开始并没有换锁,后来不得已才换锁是因为邸千在锁心里塞了牙签。

孙先生强调,「我并没有扔他的行李,现在他连吃饭的钱都没有,前几天,想向我要3000元,最少2500元,说拿到钱马上就搬走。我最终给了他700元,他在周二早上搬走了,还写了一封给我的道歉信,此事也算告一段落」。

孙先生指出,纽约有上千家家庭旅馆,数以万计的华裔房东分租床位给打工者。家庭旅馆和分租都不合法规,但却为众多收入不高、以打工为生、甚至要寄钱回国的华裔移民提供很多便利、降低他们的生活成本,为政府解决一些社会问题。

世界日报记者/纽约报导
July 28, 2015
 

邸千,男,1971年2月出生,辽宁省大连市人,现居纽约法拉盛,职业是送货司机。嗜好抽烟赌博,打架斗殴,诈骗,欠债不还,诬告债主及房东。有犯罪被捕入狱记录。

华裔赌徒邸千(David)一级攻击罪在马里兰巡回法庭受审

华裔赌徒、大连人邸千先生(45岁,乳名蛋蛋,英文名David)在美国屡次因犯罪被捕。去年《世界日报》曾采访报道过邸千先生的一宗敲诈勒索案件,在纽约华人社区轰动一时。今年3月22日上午9点,马里兰州巡回法院将在乔治王子郡开庭继续审理邸千先生的另一宗刑事案件(一级攻击罪、二级攻击罪、鲁莽伤害罪),欢迎公众前往旁听。

由于邸千先生长期异地流窜诈骗作案,各地受害者不计其数。为便于知情者报案,协助中、美两国警方调查取证,特此公布被告人邸千先生的相关资料。邸千,男,1971年2月21日出生于哈尔滨市,户籍地址是大连市中山区中南路亿成花园8号楼2单元501室,在美国警察署和法院登记的地址是231 Evergreen Ave., Staten Island, NY 10305。Qian Di社会安全号SSN: 115-23-9532 邸千曾住在佛罗里达州奥兰多市,原先的地址:819 Sunniland Drive, Orlando, FL 32808 目前住在纽约市皇后区法拉盛的华人家庭旅馆内,纽约身份证号:D000-700-71-061-0。

Court System: Circuit Court for Prince George''s County - Criminal System 
Case Number: CT150378X  
Case Description: Qian Di 邸千
Case Type: Criminal Appeal 
Event Date: 03/22/2016 Start Time: 09:00:00
Case Status: Active Status 
Judge Hon Krystal Q. Alves 
Phones: (301)9522748 
Fax: (301)5748390

Attorney:Shaoming Cheng 程绍铭
Cheng Yun & Associates PLLC 成云律师事务所
6072 Deer Ridge Trail
Springfield, VA 22150
Phones: (301) 802-2588 / (703) 921-2588
Fax: (703) 924-7191

Failed gambler Qian Di occupied a guesthouse and extorted $3000 (World Journal news)

An evil tenant blackmailed money from a guesthouse then escaped

Qian Di, a middle-aged Chinese man who rented a bed from a guesthouse on the Ash Avenue and Bowne Street in the Flushing Town, recently told the police that his landlord try to drive out him illegally with a variety of harsh means, such as locked the door and throw his baggage. However, the landlord Mr.Sun said, their dispute is due to Qian Di owed huge gambling debts, and can not to borrow money from him, then, called the police. Through the police intervention, the two sides finally reconciled----Qian Di moved out of the guesthouse recently with hundreds dollars the landlord lent him, and left a letter to landlord for a debt note.

The tenant Qian Di complained that his landlord Sun drives all tenants while hearsay the City Department of Buildings will examine to come. Mr.Sun locked the door repeatedly, and threw his refrigerator foods and some daily necessities because he refused to move out. Mr.Sun even attempted to throw his trunk to the street.

In view of this complaint, Mr.Sun said, "This tenant was arrested by the attack crime not long ago. He has no money after the release. I let him lived here by my kindness. Also I advised him to mend his ways."

Mr.Sun pointed out that cause of conflict is Qian Di indulged in gambling. "On the 20th of last month, Qian Di told me that he lost the payment for goods of his boss in the gambling. He was afraid that he might lose his job if he doesn''t return the payment to his boss. Therefore he asked me to loan $1000. I didn''t lend money to him yet. Soon after, I learned that he had sold his house which he got by the divorce case. He also borrowed money from many people and has not returned to them."

"He didn''t pay the rental to me because I didn''t lend money to him. He declared this guesthouse is illegal. He will not only to stay living here, but also will report to the government. He threatened to make my guesthouse close. In this case, I decided to close the guesthouse, and persuaded other residents move away. Unexpectedly, he began to engage in sabotage, such as damaged the electric rice cooker, and pried the doors, and smashed locks.He was using violence and intimidation. He spited in my face, and shook his fist in front of me. Therefore we dare not enter here again."

Regarding the case which Qian Di complained his landlord changed the lock, Mr.Sun pointed out that Qian Di knew the law requires that the police can arrest the landlord who changes the lock without authorization. Thus Qian Di use it as an excuse to climbed from the escape stairs to the 4th floor and came into the window. Mr.Sun explained that he would not change the lock originally, but he changed it later because of Qian Di crammed the toothpick in the lock.

Mr.Sun stressed, "I did not throw his luggage. Qian Di has no money to buy foods now. A few days ago, He ask me to borrow $3000, at least $2500. He said that he will leave at once, as soon as he gets the money. Finally I gave him $700. He, then, moved out on Tuesday morning, and wrote an apology letter to me. This matter was end."

Mr.Sun pointed out that there are thousands of guesthouses in New York. Tens of thousands of Chinese landlords sublet beds for the migrant workers. The beds subletting of the guesthouses are illegal, but they provide some conveniences for many Chinese immigrants who are low-income, and work for a living, or even to send money to home. The guesthouses reduce their living costs, and help the government to solve some social problems.

World Journal reporter / New York post
July 28, 2015

Translator: Ms.Le Zhou
 
 
(Qian Di, a Chinese male, born on February 21, 1971. He is living in Flushing town, New York City now. He is addicted to gambling, fighting, fraud, false debt, falsely accuses the creditors and the landlord. He has some criminal records. Warning: Do not lend your money or rent your room for the Chinese gambler Qian Di! If you find out that he is trying to harm you, please report to the police immediately. His SSN is 115-23-9532.)

病态赌博的十种特征:1. 在赌博上花费的时间和金钱多于自己能够负担或事前安排的;2. 借钱赌博;3. 把用于必需品(如食物、房租等)的钱拿去赌;4. 因赌博而忽视重要的责任(如工作、学业或家庭);5. 撒谎或隐瞒赌博的程度;6. 试图贏回输掉的钱;7. 为了金钱的问题与你的朋友和家人争吵;8. 因赌博而未付账单;9. 四处躲债;10. 为赖账而诬陷谋害债主。赌徒邸千到处骗,欠债没脸回大连。赌徒邸千来租房,关门赶他滚远点。赌徒邸千来借钱,与他绝交不多言。赌徒邸千来敲诈,别怕报警他有案。

Mr. Qian Di Claims that he immigrated to the United States in 1994, and obtain a green card by the "outstanding talent". However, Mr. Qian Di has not engaged in any work related to sports in the United States. He is currently a delivery driver for a cabinet company. Mr. Qian Di claims that he was born in a swimming family, his mother and his stepfather are swimming coacher. In the United States, Mr. Qian Di ceaselessly moving and borrows money from people but without returning. then he bilks everywhere. He has been arrested several times for criminal offenses. Every time, Mr. Qian Di always took the resume, "the swimming coaches in China and main achievements" which he wrote, to make each other''s a good impression when he borrows money from people. Then, he tearfully complained of his house and property have been taken by his ex-wife in the divorce case. The actual situation is, however, that Mr. Qian Di spent most of the time and energy in various casinos in the United States. His wages and borrowed money lost all in the gambling games, such as "Baccarat", "Pai Gow" and so on. Then he must continue to lie and cheat money in order to live. He rented the room, but refused to pay the rental. He blackmailed his landlords. He reported and framed his creditors. As a result, he often quarreled with others, and constant disputed. During he lived in every place, the local police report rate and the police attendance were increased. He made the neighborhood out of utter confusion.
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