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赌钱还是赌梦:北美华人与赌博

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根据Christiansen Capital Advisors LLC提供的数据,全美2003年的赌场毛收入接近730亿美金。而全美印地安博弈协会今年公布的消息则显示,分布全美28个州的400余家印地安赌场,2004年的营收总额达185亿美元。至于美国人每年花在赌博的费用加总,甚至高达6兆美元。这些数据让人见识到赌博的魅力,也显示经营赌场是件永不赔本的生意。事实上,过去十几年来美国赌博业的总营收每年都维持相当的成长率,丝毫不受经济景气循环的影响。 

在赌博产业蓬勃发展的同时,加州大学洛杉矶分校(UCLA)于今年三月份所公布的一项赌博行为研究报告指出,全美有2%到6%的人惯性好赌,更有1%的人,患有赌博成瘾的精神性疾病。这样高比例的赌博成瘾人口让一般社会大众不得不对赌博行为对人们生理与心理所产生的负面影响加以重视。特别值得一提的是,美国亚太裔染上“赌博瘾”的比例,远远高出一般人口平均值的21%。换言之,亚太裔嗜赌成性的比例约比其它族裔高出两成。尽管中国人说“十赌九输”,却还是有那么多的人沉溺赌博,忘了这老祖宗的警讯。中国人好赌的形象,在这项报告中似乎得到实质数据的佐证。分析海外华人沉迷赌博的原因,主要在于海外华人美语沟通能力普遍不佳,在没有娱乐又无法融入美国主流生活的情况下,自然而然赌博变成娱乐的大宗。毕竟,只要了解了游戏规则,赌博是没有语言界限的。 

赌从故乡到海外

追溯全球赌博业的历史,应从欧洲小国摩纳哥说起,1863年摩纳哥正式建造世界上第一个合法大型赌场-casino蒙地卡罗赌场,开启了全世界建造大型赌场的风潮,现在世界上合法的大型赌场早已超过百余家,且规模还在扩大中。至于华裔赌博史,根据中国宁夏社会科学院李范文教授的研究显示,从中国历史上来看,早在秦汉时代中国人就开始赌博,只是古代凡类似赌博的游戏皆称作“奕”,种类不多。直到近代,各式的赌博游戏才渐渐研发出笼。至于大家所熟悉的麻将,其起源并没有明确史实的记载,因此各种说法莫衷一是,有人认为是在春秋战国时代开始盛行,也有人认为在明朝万历年间,更有人说麻将其实是宋朝司马光发明的。 

依据世界暨海外华人研究会的资料显示,海外华裔的赌博史可上溯自清朝末年。当时飘洋过海来到美洲大陆的华人因为自由受到限制,加上本来就有赌博的习惯,很早便开始出现聚赌的情形。随着时代的改变,华裔赌博的方式与地点也从私人聚会延伸至美国各大型赌场,例如大西洋城、拉斯维加斯等地。 

在东岸,大型赌场多集中在大西洋城,虽然大西洋城创建时间不及拉斯维加斯,但因距离纽约只有2小时车程,交通的便利,故其发展十分迅速。其中最著名的包括泰姬玛哈Taj Mahal、希尔顿赌场等。1988年美国联邦政府颁布了“印地安赌博管理条例”后,各印地安保护区开始筹建新赌场,目前在美国28个州中,有近200个印地安部落经营的赌场。康州Foxwood快活大赌场与Mohegan Sun金神大赌场就是在这样的情况下风光开幕。根据报导,康州快活赌场仅在2003年开幕时期便向州政府上缴了1670万美元的税金,金神大赌场则缴了1640万。近两年两大赌场逐步开展华人业务,从华人身上捞得的利润亦相当可观。旅游业者表示,早期的华人多喜欢去大西洋城,除了没有其他赌场外,大西洋城赌城密集,如果手气不好,也可以换一家赌场转转手气。再者大西洋是东岸著名的观光胜地,也是许多新移民接待亲友的好去处,自然而然成为许多华裔小试身手的地方。近两年则因康州两大赌场的兴起,加上新移民不断大量涌入,如福州与温州移民等,使得各赌场竞争加剧,开始采用各项花招吸引华裔赌客上门。 

至于合法的外围赌马,这几年除了香港移民外,也有越来越多的华裔投入其中。近期纽约州州长乔治伯德基为了摆脱财政短缺即宣布,决定在纽约市外围赌马公司Off-Track Betting的连锁店附设赌场,增设四千多台的新型吃角子老虎机器,美其名是方便民众娱乐,其目的就是希望藉此来增加税收。这项新措施同样的也吸引许多华裔的注意。

坐发财车发财去

想要了解华人赌博情形,最简单地就是到发财巴士车站走走。所谓发财巴士便是直通赌场的巴士。现今光是法拉盛市区就有至少四个“发财车站”,布碌仑地区大约有五个,且班次密集。至于纽约中国城华埠,在包厘街口与格兰街地铁出口附近,几乎每小时即有一班通往各赌场的专车。根据中国城一位不愿易透露姓名的旅游业者表示,通常每家赌场皆有赌场私营的专车,但近几年因为看中华人市场,也开始与华裔旅游业者合作,由华人经营的旅游公司开始经营赌场到中国城的巴士。通常一家赌场在一个区域会有专门的旅游公司负责发财巴士的业务,这些发财巴士,不但车票便宜,到了赌场还会发放所谓的餐券与COUPON,或称泥码,所以坐一趟发财巴士有吃有喝又有赌本。不过旅游公司表示,通常赌场会要求客人在赌场停留几个小时,才可享有这些“特殊优待”,另外泥码不能兑换现金,使用方法与一般COUPON大同小异,即必须搭配一定金额的赌金才可使用。 

发财专车有多受华人欢迎?从法拉盛与中国城发财车站的发车时间表可窥之一二。早晨九点两个地区的几个重要路口与地标处已可看到发财专车的踪影,而赌场的巴士班表,譬如金神大赌场最早的一班车则是8点15分出发。虽然是大清早,仍可以看到买票上车的客人。根据旅游业者表示,大清早的客人多属于年纪较大的赌客,严格说起来有的不能算是赌客,许多住在美国的老人因为语言不通又没有娱乐,赌场一日游就成了他们的娱乐。这些老公公、老婆婆到了赌场大部分会先在吃角子老虎机前玩个几把,赌金也不大,纯粹娱乐的人居多,紧接着在接近中午时刻便开始排队等吃buffet。旅游公司表示,这些人多数不是赌场的大客户,但却是基本客源,当然也有些人是坐车来纯吃饭,然后再把COUPON半价卖给同车的人,自己在赌场找个角落午睡,但这种人比例不高,赌场也就睁一只眼闭一只眼。洛杉矶加州大学医学中心今年初有关“赌客心理研究”的报告显示,吃角子老虎机器是最容易让人跃跃欲试的赌博游戏之一,因为任何人都可以轻易的了解游戏规则,赌本想对也小,所以输赢多没有太多感觉,等发现时多以贡献赌场不少。所以别小看吃角子老虎机器。全美28个州的州政府针对吃角子老虎机器所征收的税率也相对较高,由此可见在这些发财专车上的常客对赌场贡献也不少。另外,旅游业者为吸引华裔搭乘发财巴士,多会在巴士上播放连续剧或电影,导游小姐为了能够多拿些小费,也会使出浑身指数说笑话,碰到熟人更是亲切地打招呼,提醒顾客再次光临。旅游业者乐观估计,住在中国城、法拉盛与布碌仑地区的华裔应该四分之一以上都有搭乘发财专车的经验。 

为华人赌客频出新招

美东地区的赌场除了祭出发财巴士吸引华裔赌客外,在赌场的设备上也下了许多功夫。基本上在赌场中长见到的赌博游戏包括有百家乐Baccarat、21点Blackjack、扑克Poker、轮盘Roulette、吃角子老虎Slot、掷双骰Craps等。但由于华裔赌客尤其是新移民对中国传统的游戏如牌九、麻将等游戏多所偏好,各赌场为了吸引华裔赌客上门,纷纷开辟这类亚洲人赌博专区。如大西洋大赌场、Showboat大赌场等都专设有牌九区专门招待华裔顾客。另外有些赌场干脆成立亚洲部,专人专责服务那些语言不通的华裔赌客。总结赌场提供的贴心服务,包括从上车前的收费小姐到车上的导游、司机、赌场的发牌员、餐厅员工、清洁人员等,通通都启用会讲中文的服务人员,如此华裔赌客一点都不会因语言隔阂而对环境感觉生疏,因为在这讲国语、广东话、福州话皆可通。多维记者在赌场绕了一圈,明显地可以看到专替华裔开辟的专区,不论是哪种游戏都可以看到黑头发的发牌员与黑头发赌客围成一圈。

加拿大签证网
2005年11月23日
 

世界日报:华裔渣男邸千赌场输精光 报警强逼房东借钱

家庭旅馆恶房客 拿钱落跑

在法拉盛Ash大道夹邦恩街(Bowne St.)某家庭旅馆租一个床位的中年华裔男子邸千,日前向警方指称房东把门反锁、扔他东西等多种恶劣手段企图非法驱赶。房东孙先生则称,双方纠纷是因邸千欠庞大赌债,没从他那里借到钱而报警。警方介入后,双方终于和解,邸千带着房东借他的数百元日前搬出家庭旅馆,并留下一封给房东的信,作为借据。

房客邸千投诉称,房东孙先生得知市楼宇局(Building Department)要来检查后,开始驱赶房客,因他不肯搬走,多次把门反锁,扔掉他放在冰箱的食物和一些日用品,还企图把他的行李箱扔到街头。

针对这起投诉,孙先生表示,「这房客不久前因攻击罪被捕,释放后没钱,我出于好心让他住进来,劝他改恶从善。」

孙先生指出,双方此次冲突的起因是赌博,「上月20日,他说赌博输掉老板让他办事的钱,不还钱工作就没了,因此开口向我借1000元,我没借他,后来了解到他把离婚卖房刚分到的钱也输掉了,而且向几个人借钱还没还」。

「因为我不借他钱,他就不付租金并威胁称,这个家庭旅馆非法,他就在这里不走,而且要去举报,让旅馆开不下去。这种情况下,我决定关闭家庭旅馆,让其他住客搬走。没想到,他开始搞破坏,弄坏电饭锅、撬门、砸锁、威胁,朝我脸上吐口水,拳头在我眼前晃,吓得我们不敢进屋。」

关于邸千投诉他换锁一事,孙先生指出,对方听说如果房东换锁,警察可以逮捕房东,于是就以换锁为由,两次从逃生楼梯爬到四楼,从窗口进入。孙先生解释,他开始并没有换锁,后来不得已才换锁是因为邸千在锁心里塞了牙签。

孙先生强调,「我并没有扔他的行李,现在他连吃饭的钱都没有,前几天,想向我要3000元,最少2500元,说拿到钱马上就搬走。我最终给了他700元,他在周二早上搬走了,还写了一封给我的道歉信,此事也算告一段落」。

孙先生指出,纽约有上千家家庭旅馆,数以万计的华裔房东分租床位给打工者。家庭旅馆和分租都不合法规,但却为众多收入不高、以打工为生、甚至要寄钱回国的华裔移民提供很多便利、降低他们的生活成本,为政府解决一些社会问题。

世界日报记者/纽约报导
July 28, 2015
 

邸千,男,1971年2月出生,辽宁省大连市人,现居纽约法拉盛,职业是送货司机。嗜好抽烟赌博,打架斗殴,诈骗,欠债不还,诬告债主及房东。有犯罪被捕入狱记录。

Failed gambler Qian Di occupied a guesthouse and extorted $3000 (World Journal news)

An evil tenant blackmailed money from a guesthouse then escaped

Qian Di, a middle-aged Chinese man who rented a bed from a guesthouse on the Ash Avenue and Bowne Street in the Flushing Town, recently told the police that his landlord try to drive out him illegally with a variety of harsh means, such as locked the door and throw his baggage. However, the landlord Mr.Sun said, their dispute is due to Qian Di owed huge gambling debts, and can not to borrow money from him, then, called the police. Through the police intervention, the two sides finally reconciled----Qian Di moved out of the guesthouse recently with hundreds dollars the landlord lent him, and left a letter to landlord for a debt note.

The tenant Qian Di complained that his landlord Sun drives all tenants while hearsay the City Department of Buildings will examine to come. Mr.Sun locked the door repeatedly, and threw his refrigerator foods and some daily necessities because he refused to move out. Mr.Sun even attempted to throw his trunk to the street.

In view of this complaint, Mr.Sun said, "This tenant was arrested by the attack crime not long ago. He has no money after the release. I let him lived here by my kindness. Also I advised him to mend his ways."

Mr.Sun pointed out that cause of conflict is Qian Di indulged in gambling. "On the 20th of last month, Qian Di told me that he lost the payment for goods of his boss in the gambling. He was afraid that he might lose his job if he doesn''''t return the payment to his boss. Therefore he asked me to loan $1000. I didn''''t lend money to him yet. Soon after, I learned that he had sold his house which he got by the divorce case. He also borrowed money from many people and has not returned to them."

"He didn''''t pay the rental to me because I didn''''t lend money to him. He declared this guesthouse is illegal. He will not only to stay living here, but also will report to the government. He threatened to make my guesthouse close. In this case, I decided to close the guesthouse, and persuaded other residents move away. Unexpectedly, he began to engage in sabotage, such as damaged the electric rice cooker, and pried the doors, and smashed locks.He was using violence and intimidation. He spited in my face, and shook his fist in front of me. Therefore we dare not enter here again."

Regarding the case which Qian Di complained his landlord changed the lock, Mr.Sun pointed out that Qian Di knew the law requires that the police can arrest the landlord who changes the lock without authorization. Thus Qian Di use it as an excuse to climbed from the escape stairs to the 4th floor and came into the window. Mr.Sun explained that he would not change the lock originally, but he changed it later because of Qian Di crammed the toothpick in the lock.

Mr.Sun stressed, "I did not throw his luggage. Qian Di has no money to buy foods now. A few days ago, He ask me to borrow $3000, at least $2500. He said that he will leave at once, as soon as he gets the money. Finally I gave him $700. He, then, moved out on Tuesday morning, and wrote an apology letter to me. This matter was end."

Mr.Sun pointed out that there are thousands of guesthouses in New York. Tens of thousands of Chinese landlords sublet beds for the migrant workers. The beds subletting of the guesthouses are illegal, but they provide some conveniences for many Chinese immigrants who are low-income, and work for a living, or even to send money to home. The guesthouses reduce their living costs, and help the government to solve some social problems.

World Journal reporter / New York post
July 28, 2015
 

Translator: Ms.Le Zhou
 
(Qian Di, a Chinese male, born on February 21, 1971. He is living in Flushing town, New York City now. He is addicted to gambling, fighting, fraud, false debt, falsely accuses the creditors and the landlord. He has some criminal records. Warning: Do not lend your money or rent your room for the Chinese gambler Qian Di! If you find out that he is trying to harm you, please report to the police immediately. His SSN is 115-23-9532.)
 
邸千,一位来自中国大连市的45岁男子,在美国居住了二十多年,因为沉湎赌博而倾家荡产,妻离子散,于是不停地搬家,到处向人借钱不还,租房欠缴租金,还经常报警诬陷债主和房东。邸千骗钱的手段之一,就是吹嘘自己的“辉煌历史”,并将一份履历表作为“道具”。

以下《中国游泳教练工作简历及主要成绩》由邸千同志自己编写,内容的真实性存疑,未经大连市体育局等单位审核。

中国游泳教练工作简历及主要成绩
姓名:邸千 性别:男 出生年月:1971年2月21日 
家庭住址:大连市中山区中南路亿成花园8号楼2单元501室
邮政编码:116001 电话:15322033666
简历:
1979年----1983年哈尔滨市兆麟小学校
1983年----1986年大连市辽宁师范大学附属中学 中学
1986年----1989年大连市辽宁师范大学附属中学 高中
1989年----1993年大连大学师范学院体育系体育教育专业
1993年----2007年大连市体育局体育运动学校游泳教练
2008年----日本神户大学青少年游泳教练员培训班学习
2009年----韩国首尔大学青少年游泳训练培训
运动员简历:
1983年大连市青少年游泳比赛年龄组50米自由泳第一名、50米蝶泳第一名、50米蛙泳第一名。
1986年辽宁省运动会100米自由泳第二名,4X100米混合接力第一名。
在从事游泳教练期间向辽宁、北京、广东省队输送多名优秀游泳队员。

邸千同志自称1994年移民美国,以“杰出人才”身份获得绿卡。但邸千同志在美国并未从事过任何与体育运动有关的工作。他目前是一家橱柜公司的送货司机。邸千同志自称出身于游泳世家,母亲和继父都是游泳教练。在美国,邸千同志不停地搬家,不停地向人借钱,有借无还,四处躲债,还因刑事犯罪多次被捕入狱。邸千同志每次向人借钱,总是拿出自己编写的《中国游泳教练工作简历及主要成绩》,以博取对方好感,然后含泪诉说房子和财产都在离婚过程中被前妻夺去。然而实际情况却是,邸千同志把大部分时间和精力都花在全美国各家赌场里,在“百家乐”、“牌九”等赌局中把工资和借来的钱全部输光,然后只能靠继续说谎骗钱度日,租房而拒付租金,对房东敲诈勒索,还报警诬陷债主,以致经常与人争吵冲突,纠纷不断。邸千同志每到一地短住,都会大幅增加当地警署的报案率和警员的出勤率,搅得街坊鸡犬不宁。

Mr. Qian Di Claims that he immigrated to the United States in 1994, and obtain a green card by the "outstanding talent". However, Mr. Qian Di has not engaged in any work related to sports in the United States. He is currently a delivery driver for a cabinet company. Mr. Qian Di claims that he was born in a swimming family, his mother and his stepfather are swimming coacher. In the United States, Mr. Qian Di ceaselessly moving and borrows money from people but without returning. then he bilks everywhere. He has been arrested several times for criminal offenses. Every time, Mr. Qian Di always took the resume, "the swimming coaches in China and main achievements" which he wrote, to make each other''s a good impression when he borrows money from people. Then, he tearfully complained of his house and property have been taken by his ex-wife in the divorce case. The actual situation is, however, that Mr. Qian Di spent most of the time and energy in various casinos in the United States. His wages and borrowed money lost all in the gambling games, such as "Baccarat", "Pai Gow" and so on. Then he must continue to lie and cheat money in order to live. He rented the room, but refused to pay the rental. He blackmailed his landlords. He reported and framed his creditors. As a result, he often quarreled with others, and constant disputed. During he lived in every place, the local police report rate and the police attendance were increased. He made the neighborhood out of utter confusion.

病态赌博的十种特征:1. 在赌博上花费的时间和金钱多于自己能够负担或事前安排的;2. 借钱赌博;3. 把用于必需品(如食物、房租等)的钱拿去赌;4. 因赌博而忽视重要的责任(如工作、学业或家庭);5. 撒谎或隐瞒赌博的程度;6. 试图贏回输掉的钱;7. 为了金钱的问题与你的朋友和家人争吵;8. 因赌博而未付账单;9. 四处躲债;10. 为赖账而诬陷谋害债主。赌徒邸千到处骗,欠债没脸回大连。赌徒邸千来租房,关门赶他滚远点。赌徒邸千来借钱,与他绝交不多言。赌徒邸千来敲诈,别怕报警他有案。
 
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十赌九输 赌徒邸千欠债多
   02/28/16 11:36:42 PM
Mr. Qian Di Claims that he immigrated to the United States in 1994, and obtain a green card by the "outstanding talent". However, Mr. Qian Di has not engaged in any work related to sports in the United States. He is currently a delivery driver for a cabinet company. Mr. Qian Di claims that he was born in a swimming family, his mother and his stepfather are swimming coacher. In the United States, Mr. Qian Di ceaselessly moving and borrows money from people but without returning. then he bilks everywhere. He has been arrested several times for criminal offenses. Every time, Mr. Qian Di always took the resume, "the swimming coaches in China and main achievements" which he wrote, to make each other''s a good impression when he borrows money from people. Then, he tearfully complained of his house and property have been taken by his ex-wife in the divorce case. The actual situation is, however, that Mr. Qian Di spent most of the time and energy in various casinos in the United States. His wages and borrowed money l
十赌九输 赌徒邸千欠债多
   02/28/16 11:36:14 PM
华裔赌徒、大连人邸千先生(45岁,乳名蛋蛋,英文名David)在美国屡次因犯罪被捕。去年《世界日报》曾采访报道过邸千先生的一宗敲诈勒索案件,在纽约华人社区轰动一时。今年3月16日上午9点,马里兰法院将开庭审理邸千先生的另一宗刑事案件,欢迎公众前往旁听。 由于邸千先生长期异地流窜诈骗作案,各地受害者不计其数。为便于知情者报案,协助中、美两国警方调查取证,特此公布被告人邸千先生的相关资料。邸千,男,1971年2月21日出生于哈尔滨市,户籍地址是大连市中山区中南路亿成花园8号楼2单元501室,在美国警察署和法院登记的地址是231 Evergreen Ave., Staten Island, NY 10305。Qian Di社会安全号SSN: 115-23-9532 邸千曾住在佛罗里达州奥兰多市,原先的地址:819 Sunniland Drive, Orlando, FL 32808 目前住在纽约市皇后区法拉盛的华人家庭旅馆内,纽约身份证号:D000-700-71-061-0。 Court System: Circuit Court for Prince George''s County - Criminal System Case Number: CT150378X Case Description: Qian Di 邸千 Case Type: Criminal Appeal Filing Date: 04/02/2015 Case Status: Active Status Judge Alves, Judge Whalen, Ms.M. Smith http://casesearch.courts.state.md.us/casesearch/inquiry-index.jsp Attorney:Shaoming Cheng 程绍铭 Cheng Yun & Associates PLLC 成云律师事务所 6072 Deer Ridge Trail Springfield, VA 22150 Phones: (301) 802-2588 / (703) 921-2588 Fax: (703) 924-7191 www.chengcpa.com